Morphology is the branch of biological science that deals with the study of form, size, color, structure, and relative position of various parts of organisms. Knowledge of morphology is essential for recognition or identification of plants, and it also gives information about the range of variations found in species. Deficiency and toxicity symptoms are morphological changes that occur in response to shortage or excess of minerals, and this is covered by morphology.
Morphology was one of the most frequented topics in the NEET Syllabus. A total of 39 questions have been asked in the past 11 years. However, a sharp decline has been observed in the past three years where only 5 questions have been asked combined. This shows that the paper setter have moved to other vast topics for questions. Nevertheless, 7 questions were asked in 2012 while 6 were asked in 2016. So, it will not be a bad choice to expect 2-3 questions in the coming paper.
The following bar-graph shows the frequency of questions asked in the previous years:
The following are the important topics to be covered from this chapter :
• Parts of Flowering Plants – Roots, Stems, Leaf, Flower and Seed
• Families of Flowering plants
Tips and Tricks:
Students must make sure that they have understood the functions of the various parts of the flowering plants as well us have thorough knowledge of the families of them. The following tips might help in the retention of the read study material in their memory :
▪ The students must begin with reading the NCERT portion as it has a good basic explanation of the chapter and helps form the base for further reading. Here is the link to the NCERT PDF version of the mentioned chapter :
▪ Flash Cards are to be created by the students so that they are able to revise the parts and their functions easily.
▪ Mnemonics may be created uniquely by the student so that they are able to retain the parts in their mind easily.
▪ All the past year questions must be solved.
▪ Revision every week should be done to keep the chapter fresh.
Anatomy refers to the study of internal morphology or form and structure of the internal parts like bones, organs etc. However, in the case of flowering plants, it implies the general term for the study of the internal structure of plants. It is also known as Phytomy. The most important part of the plant structure is the tissue. A tissue may be defined as “a group of similar or dissimilar cells having common origin and performing a specific function.” Tissues are mainly divided into three categories: Meristematic tissues, Permanent Tissues and Secretory tissue.
Anatomy is another chapter with an even number of questions being asked each ever. Collectively, 35 questions were asked in the last 11 years, with 5 question being asked in each 2009 and 2012. Except for the year 2014, where only 2 questions were asked, atleast 3 or more questions have been asked in the paper. So, 3 questions can be expected to be present in the paper from Anatomy.
The following bar-graph exhibits the frequency of questions asked in the last 11 years :
The important topics to be covered from this chapter are :
▪ Anatomy of different types of flowers
▪ Types of Tissue Systems
▪ Types of Roots.
▪ Growth of Flowering Plant
Tips and Tricks:
Anatomy of Flowering Plant is an interesting and well-asked chapter from the NEET Syllabus. There has been regular appearance of question from this topic in large scale. Hence, the following tips might help the student in uplifting their preparation of the topic:
▪ NCERT will form the base for the understanding of further queries and it provides a stern platform to further work on. Here is the NCERT PDF version of the chapter :
▪ There are various flow charts in this chapter. Hence, they must be created in a single large sheet of paper and looked upon at regular intervals.
▪ There is a huge number of unique terms and keywords. Hence, they must be revised regularly. Once in a fortnight is a must.
▪ The diagrams must be practiced and understood clearly. Video explanations can be looked onto if one finds difficulty in understanding the diagram.